Entrepreneurship and Small Business

*The process of creating and managing a business to achieve a desired objective

Small Business
*Any independently owned and operated business that is not dominant in its
competitive area and employs fewer than 500 people

10 Reasons to Start a Business
*Be your own boss.
*Get to do what you are interested in.
*Your firm = Your deadlines.
*You can be creative.
*It can be very profitable.
*You can have a second career.
*The big dream really can be a reality.

What Is a Small Business?
*Any independently owned and operated business
>Not dominant in its
*competitive area
>Does not employ more than 500 people

Industries That Attract Small Business
*Retailing and Wholesaling
*High Technology

Advantages of Owning a Small Business
>Freedom of choice
>The option of working at home
>Requires less money to start &maintain
>The ability to focus on a few key customers
>The chance to develop a reputation for quality and service

Disadvantages of Small Business Ownership
*High stress level
*High failure rate
*Managerial inexperience or incompetence
*Inability to cope with growth

Traits Needed to Succeed in Entrepreneurship
>Helps entrepreneurs focus on details
>Facilitates network building
>Facilitates planning
>Facilitates networking
*Openness to new ideas

Common Mistakes Made by Start-up Businesses
1.Failing to spend enough time researching the business idea to see if it’s viable
2.Miscalculating market size, timing, ease of entry, and potential market share
3.Underestimating financial requirements and timing
4.Bringing in unnecessary partners
5.Overprotecting sales volume and timing
6.Making cost projections that are too low
7.Hiring too many people and spending too much on offices and facilities
8.Lacking a contingency plan for a shortfall in expectations
9.Bringing in unnecessary partners
10.Focusing too much on sales volume and company size rather than profit
11.Hiring for convenience rather than skill requirements.
12.Neglecting to manage the entire company as a whole.
13.Accepting that it’s “not possible” too easily rather than finding a way.
14.Seeking confirmation of actions rather than seeking the truth.
15.Lacking simplicity in vision
16.Lacking clarity of your long-term aim and business purpose.
17.Lacking focus and identity.
18.Lacking an exit strategy.

The Keys to Starting a Small Business Success
*A comprehensive business plan
*The right form of ownership
*Adequate financing

Financial Resources
*Equity Financing
>Owner’s funds
>Venture capitalists
*Debt Financing
>Loans & collateral
>Lines of credit
>Trade credits

Types of Small Businesses
*The purchaser of a franchise

Advantages of Franchises
*Management training and support
*Brand-name appeal
*Standardized quality of goods and services
*National advertising programs
*Financial assistance
*Proven products and business formats
*Centralized buying power
*Site selection and territorial protection
*Greater chance for success

Disadvantages of Franchises
*Limited product line
*Possible market saturation
*Less freedom in business decisions
*Franchise fees and profit sharing with the franchiser
*Strict adherence to standardized operations
*Restrictions on purchasing

Developing Trends Impacting Small Business
*Demographic Trends
>Baby boomers & Echo boomers
*Technological Trends
>Increase in Internet usage
>Major breakthroughs in technology
*Economic Trends
>Economic turbulence creates economic threats and new opportunities